President Xi Jinping said China must, and will, be reunified, when he addressed a gathering in Beijing earlier this month to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Message to Compatriots in Taiwan.
Xi called for closer cross-Straits ties, and proposed connecting the Chinese mainland's Fujian province to the islands of Jinmen and Matsu - which are attached to Taiwan but lie off the coast of the province - via water and gas pipelines, an electricity grid and road bridges.
Compatriots in Taiwan lauded the speech and expressed their eagerness for the proposed new links.
Chang Yang-yang, a postgraduate student of Traditional Chinese Medicine at Xiamen University, hoped to see a bridge that would connect the bustling mainland city to Jinmen, his home.
In 2009, Chang was admitted to Xiamen University in Fujian to study TCM, subsequently obtaining a certificate that allows him to practice in the mainland.
Chang, who practices medicine in Xiamen, said a bridge would bring the two sides even closer.
"It would be much easier for me to go home if the bridge is built some day, and allow my friends and relatives back in Jinmen to see me if they need my help," the 28-year-old said.
Tung Ming-hui, another Jinmen native, echoed President Xi's comments, saying he couldn't wait to see the new links.
"The water pipeline has alleviated shortages and reduced the extraction of groundwater on Jinmen," Tung said.
"We look forward to connecting to the mainland's power grid because our thermal power plant consumes a lot of coal and is bad for the environment."
A pipeline delivering water from Fujian's Jinjiang River to Jinmen went into operation in August.
The 28-kilometer pipeline provides 34,000 cubic meters of water a day to Jinmen. Investment for the project totaled 388 million yuan ($57 million).
In 2002, Fuzhou, capital of Fujian, supplied 2,300 metric tons of fresh water to Matsu, an archipelago close to Fuzhou. The one-time supply was loaded in a tanker and shipped to Matsu to alleviate drought.
Hsiao Ch'in-kuo, general manager of Matsu Sanlin Travel Agency, said people in Matsu also want a pipeline connected to the mainland like their Jinmen counterparts.
Hsiao said a bridge to the mainland would help boost the local economy via tourism.
Chen Ching-lung, a hostel operator in Xiamen, said Xi's speech charted the course for future cross-Straits relations.
"The direction of peaceful development is totally correct," he said. "What the two sides should do is to mitigate their differences and improve communications."
On Jan 1, 1979, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress issued the Message to Compatriots in Taiwan, calling for peaceful reunification of the mainland and the island.
Forty years later, both sides have seen the peaceful and stable development of cross-Straits relations.
From 1988 to last year, 134 million cross-Straits visits were logged, and two-way trade reached $2.6 trillion. The mainland is also Taiwan's largest market and top investment destination.
In February last year, the mainland unveiled 31 measures related to exchanges and cooperation with Taiwan, granting enterprises on the island equal treatment as their mainland counterparts, and offering Taiwan compatriots equality in terms of education, setting up businesses and working and living in the mainland.
Despite a decadeslong stand-off, including an artillery duel that extended over 20 years, people in Taiwan now see the mainland as an opportunity more than a threat.
Fujian has attracted 19,000 young people from Taiwan to work, undertake internships or start businesses. By the end of October, 325 doctors from Taiwan had registered as certified medical practitioners in the province. Meanwhile, more than 200 Taiwan residents work as teachers in colleges and universities in Fujian.
Eight village heads from Taiwan have been invited to manage daily affairs of villages and communities in Pingtan, a pilot zone for cross-Straits cooperation in the province, and in Xiamen, 66 Taiwan residents work as assistants to community directors.
Xiamen Air, a carrier in Xiamen, has recruited 184 flight attendants from Taiwan.
There are 120,000 Taiwan residents living in Xiamen, and 5,000 have applied for resident permits issued by the mainland.
The permits enable residents of Taiwan to enjoy public services and other conveniences similar to those of mainlanders. They include employment subsidies, access to social security and the housing provident fund, as well as benefits in terms of compulsory education, health and medical services.
(China Daily 01/23/2019 page5)
A delegation from Sasebo, Japan visited Xiamen, Fujian province from Jan 15 to 18 to explore the operation of cultural institutions in the city.
A delegation from Malaysia headed by Yeoh Soon Hin, executive councillor of Penang State, visited Xiamen, Fujian province from Jan 5 to 8.